The American Shorthair Cats were known in their early history as Domestic Shorthair Cats. As the breed developed, fanciers became concerned that such a common name would impede the breed's potential success, so the name American Shorthair was adopted. Today the term "domestic shorthair" is used in a general sense to describe any shorthaired cat that does not belong to a recognized cat breed.
The breed was then further developed by mating the wire haired cats with American Shorthair cats amongst other breeds. All cats of this breed have Adam as a distant relative. This all started in 1966. The breed was first registered by the CFA in 1967 and Championship status was granted in 1978. A relatively smooth passage to full status.
This breed originated in Europe, but has resided in America for approximately 400 years. The American Shorthair Cat, then known as the Domestic Shorthair cat , is believed to have been descended from rodent-controlling cats brought to America on the Mayflower in 1620. Over time, selective specimens of this common alley cat were bred with other breeds, such as the British Shorthair, Burmese, and Persian, creating the Domestic Shorthair. Despite its muscular, clean-cut appearance, many cat shows would not allow this breed to enter. In 1904, Buster Brown, a male smoke, became the first registered American-bred Domestic Shorthair. By the 1960's, the Domestic Shorthair was becoming a more respected breed and was winning prizes at shows. Domestic Shorthair enthusiasts were concerned that its name was impeding the breed's potential success. As a result, they decided to give this breed the new title of American Shorthair. Today the common name for this natural breed cat isAmerican Shorthair Cat. In its early history it was called the Domestic Shorthair Cats. Fanciers, as they developed the breed, became concerned that that common name could impact the future success of the breed, so renamed them American Shorthair Cats. A domestic shorthair cat today is a general term describing any cat with shorthair that is not pedigreed, or belonging to a recognized cat breed.
This cat breed is very similar to the American Shorthair cat except, of course, for the coat. Having seen an American Wirehair at cat shows, they seem quite fragile (if that isn’t the correct word) and certainly less robust than the more solid . This, though, is my opinion.
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