Development of Nursing Theories - Current Nursing

Erfansyah. HR: Development of Nursing Theories

Knowledge Development in Nursing: Theory and Process, 9e (Chinn,Integrated Theory and Knowledge Development in Nursing)

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  • The Dynamic Nursing Care Model (DNCM) is a schematic depiction of the framework for professional nursing practice at RPCI. This model demonstrates a process which is both fluid and dynamic because of the ever-changing needs of the oncology patient and family. This model combines the RPCI mission, vision and values with nursing practice, evidence-based practice, workforce group relationships to foster a dynamic environment for the professional growth and development of the nurse with the ultimate outcome of quality patient care. Quality indicators, nursing evaluation and research are used to measure outcomes for the patient, family, community, nursing and RPCI.

    Peplau’s work has remarkable influence on nursing practice and education as we know it today and on development of later nursing theories. She urged nurses to use nursing situations as a source of observations from which unique nursing concepts could be derived (Parker, 2006)....

  • The historical time period of the early 1970's was a very influential time for the development of nursing theory. The theories outlined in this presentation represent the four major theories introduced in 1970-1974. Each of these theories still holds relevance for the study and practice of nursing today. Many research studies have built upon these theories to expand nursing knowledge, improve the quality of patient care and advance the profession of nursing. Much of the curriculum of nursing programs today touches on these very theorists. We hope you enjoyed the presentation and learned some interesting facts.

    If the nursing profession is to continue to make advancements, it must envision new ways of perceiving the phenomena peculiar to nursing and must propose meaningful explanations for these perceptions. The approaches to nursing theory development are spread out over a theory practice continuum, ranging from Martha Roger's pure scientific approach to Dickoff and James’ practice approach. The very existence of this continuum signifies nursing's problem in deciphering the nature of the relationship between nursing theory and nursing practice. While the development of nursing theory is essential to the establishment of a theoretical body of knowledge unique to nursing as a science, this must not be its only function. Theory development must be integrated with nursing practice if the profession is to survive and grow.

  • 1960s-1970s Emergence of Scientific era (1960s) The process of theory development was also discussed and was the subject of writings of a number of nurse scholars Symposia were also held dealing with subjects such as Theory Development in Nursing, Nature of Science and Nursing 1960s-1970s 1969 – first conference on nursing theory was first held Conferences brought leading scholars and theorists together to discuss and debate on issues regarding nursing science and theory development in nursing 1960s-1970s Writings of Dickoff, James and Wiedebach on “Theory in a Practice Discipline” (1968) influenced the development of theoretical thinking in nursing they presented a definition of nursing theory and goals for theory development in nursing their approaches discussed iin many writings and conferences reflecting gorwing and evolving interest in developing nursing theory 1980s characterized by acceptance of the significance of the theory in nursing there were less debates on whether or not to use theory, whether it is practice or basic theory, borrowed or nursing theory 1980s to the PRESENT characterized by publication of nurmerous books and articles on analysis, application, evaluation and further development of nursing theories graduate schools of nursing developed courses on how to analyze and apply theories Types of theories According to orientation or focus of the theory 1. Client-centered – are those focused on the needs and problems of clients which are met, resolved or alleviated by nursing interventions. Examples: Nightingale Abdellah Henderson Orem Pender Roy Levine Hall

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Moreover, the development of prominent nursing theories has been adequately purposeful in various settings of practice. These involve nursing education, research and clinical practice.