William Harris Wharton (April 27, 1802 – March 14, 1839) was an early colonist, political leader, diplomat, Senator and orator in Texas.
WHARTON, WILLIAM HARRIS (1802–1839). William Harris Wharton, orator and leader in the Texas Revolution, son of William and Judith (Harris) Wharton, was born in 1802 in Virginia. His parents died when he was a child, and he and his brother, John A. Wharton, were reared by an uncle, Jesse Wharton, in Nashville, Tennessee.
WHARTON, WILLIAM HARRIS (1802–1839). William Harris Wharton, orator and leader in the , son of William and Judith (Harris) Wharton, was born in 1802 in Virginia. His parents died when he was a child, and he and his brother, , were reared by an uncle, Jesse Wharton, in Nashville, Tennessee. William H. Wharton was graduated with the first class from the University of Nashville and was admitted to the bar in 1826. He was in Texas by December 5, 1827, when he married Sarah Ann Groce, daughter of . They had one child, . William Wharton returned to Nashville until April 1829, when he returned to Texas and established on land given to the couple by Jared Groce as an inducement to stay in Texas. Wharton early identified himself with the party of the colonists agitating for a more energetic policy toward Mexico. Sources conflict, but many believe Wharton served at the and was one of those who signed the document of final surrender. He was a delegate from Victoria to the , which asked for separate statehood for Texas and drew up a provisional constitution for a state government. Wharton wrote the petition to Mexico asking for statehood, a document which has become a political classic in Texas. At the , he held the office of president. By 1835 Wharton and others were openly agitating for complete independence from Mexico, in opposition to the conservative policy of . Wharton was elected a delegate to the , where the majority of the members were still in favor of a moderate policy; so the group merely stated loyalty to the Republican as the reason for the war. Austin was elected to command the army, and Wharton was chosen judge advocate. He went with the army in the , then resigned his commission a few days before he was notified of his appointment as a commissioner to the United States with Austin and to secure aid for the Texans.
EAGLE ISLAND PLANTATION. Eagle Island Plantation was established in 1826 on part of five leagues of land given to Sarah Ann Groce by her father, Jared Ellison Groce, on the occasion of her marriage to William Harris Wharton. The plantation was on Oyster Creek twelve miles from the Gulf of Mexico in southeastern Brazoria County. At one time it included 16,000 acres of the richest alluvial soil in Texas. The cotton plantation was developed around 1826 and served as the Wharton home from 1828 to 1878. Wharton replaced the original log house with an elaborate frame structure built of imported timber, surrounded by landscaped grounds, and patterned after a home in Mobile, Alabama. It was capable of housing thirty guests. A brick sugar house, double kettles, and duplicate machinery to avoid delay in case of breakdowns made the plantation operations highly efficient.
|William Harris Wharton|
April 27, 1802|
|Died||March 14, 1839
|Spouse(s)||Sarah Ann Groce|